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Draft constitution show-down in Harare, Zimbabwe

By Udo W. Froese
Zimbabwe's Draft Constitution of 2012 makes sense. The neo-colonial powers, from White Hall to the White House united, breached the internationally negotiated and agreed 'Lancaster House Agreement of 1979' for Zimbabwe's souvereign independence. The history leading up to that breach committed by former British Labour Party Prime Minister, Tony Blair, and his right-wing American counterpart, George W. Bush jnr. is on record.

When Zimbabweans demonstrated their intolerance of aforementioned illegal breach, London and Washington together with their proxies countered with another illegal act - imposing crippling sanctions against the small southern African state of Zimbabwe, with a planned impact on the economy of the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Located in the heart of southern Africa, landlocked Zimbabwe is a member of the SADC, the AU and the UN.

SADC committed itself to mediate the formation of a government of national unity (GNU). Eventually, Zimbabwe got a second wind. It dropped its currency, the Zimbabwe Dollar, and based its economy on the United States Dollar and the South African Rand currency.

With a booming mining industry, Zimbabwe was able to rejuvenate its economy and to improve the lives of her people.

Now, July/August 2012 constitutional experts drafted a constitution and tabled it in Harare to prepare for the next elections. The contents of that Draft Constitution had to ensure that the foreign guiders of the opposition were safe, even in the event of the opposition to the country's head of state and the ruling party loosing the forthcoming elections.

This means, the guiders of the political opposition in Zimbabwe are not sure that together, both MDCs will actually win. Let us be honest and pragmatic, despite being part of the Government of National Unity (GNU), the Rt. Hon. Prime Minister, Morgan Tsvangirai, and his Minister of Finance, Tendai Biti, were not successful to have the sanctions against their country lifted. So, why then vote for a failure? This is the question in the minds of most Zimbabweans, even of those living here in South Africa. The foreign interests too are aware of it.

In the above context, it would make sense for them to write the Executive President out of power. According to the draft constitution of Zimbabwe, the executive power would be shifted from the President to Parliament.

The draft constitution includes that the President cannot dissolve Parliament. But, Parliament can impeach the President. Parliament is guaranteed tenure of five years, but the President is not. The President would have two terms of office only, together amounting to ten years.

The reason for such a Draft Constitution for Zimbabwe is, that even if both MDCs together lose the elections, they would retain the power of control through the Constitution and Parliament. It seems however good progress is being made.

A referendum will follow before the end of this year, with the final goal of elections. This is clear. It has obviously been properly strategised and lobbied. US Secretary of State, Hillary Rodham-Clinton, said that if all would work out in Zimbabwe, Washington would be prepared to lift sanctions, something, Tsvangirai was not able to deliver. It is interesting to observe that at the same time the commanding officer of the 'US African Command (AfriCom)' pays a visit to neighbouring Botswana.

It would seem that South Africa and the SADC have not much of an option, but to accept the global order, as dictated by the international Western powers. However, it would backfire if Zimbabwe and therefore, the rest of the region would be compromised to the benefit of foreign interests only. If Zimbabwe would fall into the hands of the above-mentioned foreign forces, it could swing the geo-political balance of an entire region in favour of those interests.

Angola and Zimbabwe's armed forces and their respective governments however, still remain too powerful and too independent within the SADC to establish a fully integrated region by 2018.


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